The pancreas is a spongy, tadpole-shaped organ located behind the stomach having the function to make enzymes to digest food and hormones to regulate blood sugar levels. In case, pancreas is injured and its ducts become block, affecting enzyme-containing juices and development of pancreatic pseudocyst, which a fluid-filled sac.
It has been seen that patient having pseudocyst problem show different symptoms; however, the most common symptoms are abdominal pain and bloating. Other symptoms sometime includes:
- Nausea & feeling of vomiting
- Appetite loss & weight loss
- A tender mass in abdomen
- Jaundice symptoms, yellowing of skin & eye
Small Pseudocyst without any signs or symptoms can be treated conservatively. However, in most of case one need following interventions:
- Endoscopic trans-gastric drainage
- Imaging guided percutaneous drainage
- Laparoscopic/open cystogastrostomy or cystojejunostomy
For pseudocysts requiring treatment, most of time surgery is required which is done laparoscopically. This procedure minimizes hospitalization and recovery time. During surgery, the laparoscopic surgeon makes a connection between the pseudocyst and nearby digestive organ, allowing the pseudocyst to drain through that organ. The connection made may be with the stomach, duodenum or the upper end of the small intestine, depending on the location of the pseudocyst within the pancreas.