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Hernia – types, symptoms and how you can recover quickly

A hernia is a bulge or tear in the wall of the abdomen causing internal organs to push out. The most common hernias occur in the areas around the abdomen and the stomach.

Hernias are mostly caused due to weakened muscles, strain, pregnancy, advancing age, family history or injuries. Lifting heavy weights without expert supervision can also lead to this condition..

Hernias can be of various types, depending on the part of the body where it occurs. Of all types, the most common is Inguinal Hernia. With an incidence rate of 75 % to 80 %, this type of hernia occurs in the groin and the bulge appears along the upper thigh. Femoral hernias, more common in older women, occur with the bulge appearing in the inner thing. An umbilical hernia occurs when part of the intestine bulges out near the navel. A hiatal hernia occurs when part of the stomach tears through the diaphragm into the chest cavity. 

What are the symptoms of hernia?

The bulge of internal organs is the most common symptom of hernia. However, there are few other signs to look out for – 

  1. Swelling, redness and itching near the bulge.
  2. Increase in size of the bulge.
  3. Painful sensation.
  4. Bowel obstruction.
  5. Heartburn and indigestion (in case of hiatal hernia).

If the hernia is left untreated for long, the protruding tissue may get stuck leading to complications. The blood supply to the tissue may get cut off affecting its ability to function. 

Laparoscopic surgery is one of the most common, safe and effective procedures for the treatment of hernia. It is quick, causes minimal pain and blood loss and offers the benefit of a short recovery time required for patients. In some patients, there is a chance that the hernia may occur again, either on the same spot or in a nearby area. However, with laparoscopic surgery, the chance of recurrence is low.

Hernias require immediate medical attention for optimal patient recovery. If you see signs in your body, reach out to a specialist for treatment.

References – 

  1. https://www.medindia.net/surgicalprocedures/hernia-incidence.htm
  2. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15757-hernia#:~:text=A%20hernia%20occurs%20when%20an,the%20chest%20and%20the%20hips.
  3. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/health-fitness/health-news/hernia-awareness-month-2022-what-should-we-know-about-hernia/articleshow/92523191.cms

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Dr Arun Bhardwaj


Dr.Arun Bhardwaj is a highly skilled Advanced Laparoscopic and Bariatric Surgeon based in Delhi/NCR. He specializes in minimally invasive surgical procedures (basic and advance), Gastrointestinal Surgery and Bariatric Surgery.