The appendix is a finger-shaped pouch-like tube of tissue that is located in the first part of the colon at the lower-right abdomen. As every part of our body plays an important role this organ is used to harbour bacteria. But when the walls of the appendix get infected it can block the working of this organ which can lead to a medical emergency.
This inflammation and blockage of the appendix are termed as Appendicitis.
A person must immediately consult their doctors if they notice any of the following symptoms-
- Pain near navel
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea or vomiting
- Swollen belly
- Pain while peeing
- Severe cramps
- Constipation or diarrhea
There is no specific reason behind appendicitis but it is believed that it occurs when mucus,
stool, or a combination of the two blocks the opening of the appendix Bacteria mushroom in
the trapped space and cause infection in the lining of the appendix. If the inflammation and
a blockage is left untreated it will get severe enough leading to a medical emergency.
The only way to treat this disease is surgery and the surgical removal of the appendix is termed as appendectomy. Appendectomies are performed laparoscopically nowadays, where special surgical tools are advanced into the abdomen via small incisions. Laparoscopic surgery is a type of surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to get access inside the body without having to make any large incisions in the skin. This procedure is commonly known as keyhole surgery and a small tube that has a light and a camera is infused inside that relays images of the inside body to a television monitor.