Anal problems are common nowadays. People find it embarrassing to share these problems with a doctor but it is advised to seek medical advice as soon as you notice any irritation or infection in the perianal area.
Anal problems include some major problems like piles, fistula or fissures. These problems may affect the functioning of the anus or may create a problem in your day-to-day activities. The anus is the last portion of the colon and is one of the most prominent parts of the human body.
Some common anal problem includes:
PILES: Hemorrhoids are commonly known as piles and are caused due to swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum. This can be developing inside the rectum or around the anus. Piles are the most common cause of blood in motions and are usually painless unless associated with fissure or prolapsed externally. It is found in patients that have chronic constipation and who strain during bowel movements
Symptoms may vary from person to person but if you have problems like irritation in the anal area, swelling or pain, bleeding or any type of hard lump seek medical advice immediately.
FISTULA: Anal fistula is a tunnel that runs inside your anal canal. Sometimes they get blocked as bacteria build up a swollen pocket of infected tissue. This condition is rare and is caused by constipation and infection.
The common symptoms of this problem are painful bowel movements, bleeding, fever, redness and foul-smelling discharge near your anus.
Surgery is the only treatment of fistulas as a permanent solution. There are other minimally invasive procedures like VAAFT (video-assisted anal fistula treatment ) and laser ablation as treatment options. What procedure is needed will be decided by the surgeon after a thorough evaluation
FISSURE: Anal fissure is a situation in which the patient notices a small tear in the anal skin tag. This problem may occur when you pass hard stools during a bowel movement.
This problem is painful and causes bleeding during a bowel movement. This problem can affect any person irrespective of age
Following are few symptoms or signs one notices while suffering from fissure-
- Severe pain during a bowel movement.
- Blood after a bowel movement
- Crack in the skin around the anus.
- Seek medical advice immediately when you notice the above symptoms.
Anal problem is not an issue of embarrassment but ignoring any signs and symptoms can cause serious complications and prolonged treatment course with the possibility of recurrence of the disease
Dr. Arun Bhardwaj is one of the most trusted surgeons that perform surgery to cure anal problems of any type. If you notice any symptoms related to your anal area, then seek medical advice instantly.